Drupal upgrade easier

2014-11-20: Upgraded patch files to Drupal 6.34 as well as Drupal 7.34.

The standard procedure to upgrade Drupal to the latest release is to download it from drupal.org and follow the included UPGRADE.txt.

For administrators using the UNIX shell it may be easier using the attached patch files below instead of downloading and installing the newest complete Drupal release.

To patch your Drupal installation follow UPGRADING.txt up to and including

  • for Drupal 6: 5. Disable all custom and contributed modules.
  • for Drupal 7: 2. Go to Administration > Configuration > Development > Maintenance mode...

Now go on using this commands:

  • Dry run for testing without modifying anything: patch -p1 --dry-run < PATCHFILE
  • Do the real patching: patch -p1 < PATCHFILE

Your Drupal installation is now upgraded. proceed with UPGRADING.txt from

  • for Drupal 6: 9. Verify the new configuration file to make sure it has correct information.
  • for Drupal 7: 5. Re-apply any modifications to files such as .htaccess or robots.txt.

Note: Most important step after upgrading is to run update.php as described in UPGRADING.txt above.


If you get errors like Reversed (or previously applied) patch detected or 1 out of 2 hunks FAILED while running the patch dry run (second command above) immediately interrupt patching and upgrade following the steps explained in UPGRADING.txt.

Use this patch files on your own responsibility. I don't guarantee the proper function of the patch files on Drupal installations other than my own.

Note: If the patch process gets interrupted and leaves a mix of patched and unpatched files you may re-run it by ignoring already patched files after eliminating the reason of the interruption:

  • patch -p1 -N < PATCHFILE

You may savely remove reject files created during that process:

  • find . -name "*.rej" | xargs rm

Patch files

Drupal 7

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-7.0-to-7.34.patch) = 56275241ddcad45100605dc0a730b2ba
MD5 (drupal-7.1-to-7.34.patch) = 1b921f39e8507e9e0722483c3bee3d29
MD5 (drupal-7.2-to-7.34.patch) = cb5d285a3c9d683724c06f5eaff73b04
MD5 (drupal-7.3-to-7.34.patch) = 38eb6804789d0efc0c1d52386f36f61b
MD5 (drupal-7.4-to-7.34.patch) = 1b6eac97c263e8a4ee6f0f8a64b89c25
MD5 (drupal-7.5-to-7.34.patch) = 025661b6a08f34673293cc001f4c19b1
MD5 (drupal-7.6-to-7.34.patch) = dbb003a7ef4114751c4541928326d98d
MD5 (drupal-7.7-to-7.34.patch) = 93f4e770b84d4f8272b388d8bec90d30
MD5 (drupal-7.8-to-7.34.patch) = a0acb8804e75f6ad28a8c90b68393d74
MD5 (drupal-7.9-to-7.34.patch) = 38767623d7544c074d013dd70f7bf3d2
MD5 (drupal-7.10-to-7.34.patch) = 5167bf44543d3f2e67270d3ccab77ef9
MD5 (drupal-7.11-to-7.34.patch) = 77d26e7744f5664e1f98185ceb63844f
MD5 (drupal-7.12-to-7.34.patch) = ba61e43a0d7fbc78321e77df6bbcaf5d
MD5 (drupal-7.13-to-7.34.patch) = 08590fe8623c277e4365489695e93279
MD5 (drupal-7.14-to-7.34.patch) = fdc9c60948963607c79b03025d65fa76
MD5 (drupal-7.15-to-7.34.patch) = 98bdb3f07ee603c73e4424ed22a019bc
MD5 (drupal-7.16-to-7.34.patch) = fb565f0aa5e8abb46c294196a4c9dd75
MD5 (drupal-7.17-to-7.34.patch) = b614c6cd0f60a42a2ba3eb7bf717dd56
MD5 (drupal-7.18-to-7.34.patch) = 0a7cfa80637d7980cc0d79c2bf7dfe62
MD5 (drupal-7.19-to-7.34.patch) = 454e3947c4044832dcb70c45ff19982b
MD5 (drupal-7.20-to-7.34.patch) = 10ae064a85c094369ade0cfb9ea51234
MD5 (drupal-7.21-to-7.34.patch) = 59c631b3d3b385a703f84cf5537199f9
MD5 (drupal-7.22-to-7.34.patch) = 0372d6624504ec088f3e31f7300dad10
MD5 (drupal-7.23-to-7.34.patch) = ec891f04a748ead7f9ff54cef1f4aab9
MD5 (drupal-7.24-to-7.34.patch) = a721203810f4664ac2895096a5b8ecb2
MD5 (drupal-7.25-to-7.34.patch) = ed3d68d5891c8bf4514dfd0bc8aa6568
MD5 (drupal-7.26-to-7.34.patch) = 3b0cad637f67ffac2f1254b56ab77472
MD5 (drupal-7.27-to-7.34.patch) = b49d708cf3fa227066b6c8589bf1b1f9
MD5 (drupal-7.28-to-7.34.patch) = b7a45b42653de02ce7ecd1655c3983f1
MD5 (drupal-7.29-to-7.34.patch) = 2607931c720d4eea9a2dd5c39d16b8f6
MD5 (drupal-7.30-to-7.34.patch) = 7991bf5c454807dba954829e2acb3e6c
MD5 (drupal-7.31-to-7.34.patch) = cbd9bae58737e554ac490f4ee645a8af
MD5 (drupal-7.32-to-7.34.patch) = 25e8ca8dbafb1a115ad8da2e28c28ad1
MD5 (drupal-7.33-to-7.34.patch) = 42dc0fd462a802489149405517337b1b

Drupal 6

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-6.0-to-6.34.patch) = 3d15b205af7a29f7e471be4e2b3cce8a
MD5 (drupal-6.1-to-6.34.patch) = cda787d3e716b8744201ee15f9a5123c
MD5 (drupal-6.2-to-6.34.patch) = 7eae0975f16a1d4e8b81bea01b6af3ea
MD5 (drupal-6.3-to-6.34.patch) = baadccfc3fe61084c428a7a75c60bbc1
MD5 (drupal-6.4-to-6.34.patch) = c46a54767c1d47704bc00fcc50827093
MD5 (drupal-6.5-to-6.34.patch) = 6b43cfc67740885622cc6e8bd6be3cd1
MD5 (drupal-6.6-to-6.34.patch) = 327d96d70391fa0b37ae763c4a4ec2de
MD5 (drupal-6.7-to-6.34.patch) = 297056a20e436c1bc2c7529f6cad932a
MD5 (drupal-6.8-to-6.34.patch) = c4fe277b79d40a6211aba1342d9ba679
MD5 (drupal-6.9-to-6.34.patch) = 34f213addd06b8cb1655e526a03bdbf9
MD5 (drupal-6.10-to-6.34.patch) = 1e46b1444a885cc9edf21cbc4a3ce318
MD5 (drupal-6.11-to-6.34.patch) = 81cb76b1414c03a181a0ce83d6744ccd
MD5 (drupal-6.12-to-6.34.patch) = ee2704bb61776aaf2cb59c2c284db72f
MD5 (drupal-6.13-to-6.34.patch) = 17607fb3d73d356514392a3bd772ccf5
MD5 (drupal-6.14-to-6.34.patch) = ec749981a0ae797f559a1c3e340a1578
MD5 (drupal-6.15-to-6.34.patch) = cea658c7ea7b2c72e6b6e4fd78134596
MD5 (drupal-6.16-to-6.34.patch) = a32673bc2389370ce4701c6a0681476f
MD5 (drupal-6.17-to-6.34.patch) = b16d701eafb46998ca69cf50917e629d
MD5 (drupal-6.18-to-6.34.patch) = 50797a938a52a957413dfa6fdb0c3371
MD5 (drupal-6.19-to-6.34.patch) = 9e8df4dc084fc76a8c2be668e36a39d3
MD5 (drupal-6.20-to-6.34.patch) = 68bf6e2c14b0791cf8296821a6de5c21
MD5 (drupal-6.21-to-6.34.patch) = 42472f56a098b4692af10315e6efa3de
MD5 (drupal-6.22-to-6.34.patch) = 2c0e002d8d4433a7ea134299f680ac3d
MD5 (drupal-6.23-to-6.34.patch) = 72273be0bebd26e1d7018f66a7900a29
MD5 (drupal-6.24-to-6.34.patch) = 774775e018a37ae016072391f6d8bcb2
MD5 (drupal-6.25-to-6.34.patch) = e3181c7bb99a5ee5d9e5bed85348f439
MD5 (drupal-6.26-to-6.34.patch) = f8b576dbbbc992776d8f0eb33c39ecbc
MD5 (drupal-6.27-to-6.34.patch) = 532e2aa751192f304dffa156a02d80d9
MD5 (drupal-6.28-to-6.34.patch) = 80cc8e814213e4754e6d057f8900bd6e
MD5 (drupal-6.29-to-6.34.patch) = 60423ac46e1dab50f40036cfed1bd937
MD5 (drupal-6.30-to-6.34.patch) = 5c46ec42f481ac8b545798266428d451
MD5 (drupal-6.31-to-6.34.patch) = fecea2bac00fba9b6578bb79d84f4fbd
MD5 (drupal-6.32-to-6.34.patch) = 4736634b1776357d1e7b9c7439874cd7
MD5 (drupal-6.33-to-6.34.patch) = abf91e3857b65448e88fe05689343abb

Drupal 5

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

  MD5 (drupal-5.0-to-5.23.patch) = 13235f0c50caf2f0366403563053fbba
  MD5 (drupal-5.1-to-5.23.patch) = e2d5fc4ec6da1f1db2f83204eef03160
  MD5 (drupal-5.2-to-5.23.patch) = 13da34e36fb58f422c86c1574e26719b
  MD5 (drupal-5.3-to-5.23.patch) = dd826e692ab5e9e50ce55feac0b82673
  MD5 (drupal-5.4-to-5.23.patch) = e44a1f00549c5d39bbe359772db4ec9d
  MD5 (drupal-5.5-to-5.23.patch) = 4f06344f52f3c476e458f01c4925e987
  MD5 (drupal-5.6-to-5.23.patch) = bd31200144a9b716e4a1cad1930796f1
  MD5 (drupal-5.7-to-5.23.patch) = 598e037a8840d79509ea5c247dff975e
  MD5 (drupal-5.8-to-5.23.patch) = 2a53dedeb3b00c679ccb0dae44379789
  MD5 (drupal-5.9-to-5.23.patch) = 8dd63096cf7c5dd73e968f770f56301b
  MD5 (drupal-5.10-to-5.23.patch) = a6127a53d945659efde17a31e8037b79
  MD5 (drupal-5.11-to-5.23.patch) = 841eabce62cac99f98e77de733aeb7c6
  MD5 (drupal-5.12-to-5.23.patch) = ddb82f96ad7915e34111df4706237c11
  MD5 (drupal-5.13-to-5.23.patch) = 41bf265e25a1d6c9324e4f6c7b5ff067
  MD5 (drupal-5.14-to-5.23.patch) = 7c48dca7dd10533fe65c895d33c7be56
  MD5 (drupal-5.15-to-5.23.patch) = ae1a31e80c3b24dfa1710adecbd1cce9
  MD5 (drupal-5.16-to-5.23.patch) = 72e25e1c680b75cbc1f8b303c4d97cba
  MD5 (drupal-5.17-to-5.23.patch) = 0fee19e0808ec863284618ce8f506d6c
  MD5 (drupal-5.18-to-5.23.patch) = 997f35d8372277203e5129e9bc684f81
  MD5 (drupal-5.19-to-5.23.patch) = 6189d7c3c3139647dfd519b727d8f12f
  MD5 (drupal-5.20-to-5.23.patch) = 33d48157e036411fd336a5d9023c8644
  MD5 (drupal-5.21-to-5.23.patch) = 86cb8be7e01f576177765d670332e4fb
  MD5 (drupal-5.22-to-5.23.patch) = 94488c667c2c68d48438d81129e3edca

Upgrade major releases of Drupal


Below are patch files to upgrade major releases of Drupal. Please try with caution.

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-5.23-to-6.34.patch) = 9ffdb95d11f67d964e1e4940623e5ec7
MD5 (drupal-6.34-to-7.34.patch) = d5da8857bb1c0c241bd41bcacc7a9bc5



Thank you so much for this page. I used to hate the "Update of the week" from drupal. With these patches it is a SNAP!


drupal-5.14-to-5.15.patch works properly

Thank you for your great job. I have used the drupal-5.14-to-5.15.patch on a multi-site installation and it worked without any errors.

Thanks a lot dude! With your

Thanks a lot dude! With your work updating drupal it really takes just only a second! Thanks and thanks again :)


Thank you very very much.Worked without a hitch.

Thank you!

Once more, thank you so much for this page! Using these patches has really saved me lots of time when upgrading our system to 6.12.

Big time-saver!

I just upgraded three of my drupal sites using your patch files, and for once, they went smoothly, and QUICKLY!

Thank you!

Thank you for providing all

Thank you for providing all this useful stuff on your page.


... runs like Schmidts cat!!!

How to use, I don't understand the procedure


I have a windows based laptop from which I am going to try to upgrade my site which resides on a linux box. I currently use 6.6 and would like to upgrade to 6.14.

Can someone here please give me a step-by-step. I have been regretting not knowing enough and installing drupal. And upgradations are the only reasons. Please help.

Nice work! Maybe a little problem on 6.9->6.14 ?

Nice work, really nice work.

You saved me hours every upgrade!!

Im afraid to ask you, but did you check the 6.9 to 6.14 patch? Because im getting some errors and, since before it went smooth all the times, im wondering if maybe you upload a wrong file (i do it all the time ;) ).

Thanks again

No problem

Tried it with a fresh 6.9 and the patch went through without a hitch. May be you did some changes to your 6.9 files in the past?

Thank you

I favor quick and simple approaches, and eventually gave yours a try with 6.14-to-6.15. For me, this is definitely the way to go. Thank you very much indeed!

Smooth update!

Thanks for the great patch set - the update was smooth!


...a lot of them. I was choosing a CMS, and I was thinking about dropping drupal just for the upgrade complexity (hey, in wordpress is just clicking a button...). You saved the day.

This is *the* recommended way

This is *the* recommended way of upgrading Drupal! I just upgraded from 6.15 to 6.16 and it worked flawlessly and was over in a couple of methods. It's so easy compared to the method suggested in upgrade.txt (download tarball, remove all old files, unzip tarball... no thanks!).

The instructions are pretty simply but because they reference upgrade.txt I thought I would share the entire process here as a quick overview (please make sure you still read upgrade.txt and instructions on this page):
1. backup drupal db
2. backup drupal root directory and sub directories
3. Make sure you are logged in as admin (uid=1)
4. Place site in maintainece mode, /admin/settings/site-maintenance
5. If using a custom or contributed theme, switch to a core theme, such as Garland or Bluemarine.
6. get latest patch file from http://fuerstnet.de/en/drupal-upgrade-easier
6. cd your-drupal-directory
7. Dry run: patch -p1 --dry-run < patchfile
8. Patch: patch -p1 < patch-file
9. Verify the new configuration file to make sure it has correct information. sites/default/settings.php
10. Run update.php by visiting /update.php
11. enable usual theme
12. Finally, return your site to "Online" mode so your visitors may resume

That's it! Thanks Bernhard Fürst - you're a champ!

The dry run is failing. Suggestions?

I'm seeing...

[...]$ patch -p1 --dry-run < drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch
patching file .htaccess
Hunk #1 FAILED at 3.
Hunk #2 FAILED at 66.
Hunk #3 FAILED at 113.
3 out of 3 hunks FAILED -- saving rejects to file .htaccess.rej


can't find file to patch at input line 2288
Perhaps you used the wrong -p or --strip option?
The text leading up to this was:
|diff -Naur drupal-6.14/modules/node/node.info drupal-6.16/modules/node/node.info
|--- drupal-6.14/modules/node/node.info 2009-09-16 21:40:27.000000000 +0200
|+++ drupal-6.16/modules/node/node.info 2010-03-04 01:20:08.000000000 +0100


Any ideas on how to solve?

Check the Drupal version

I tried the drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch file with a fresh Drupal 6.14 - no problem. Run the patch command from within the root of your Drupal installation. Also make sure your Drupal version is at 6.14 (check the included CHANGELOG.txt). Did you modify the Drupal core files?

Thanks... I did it the old school way

I wasn't able to successfully patch 6.14 to 6.16 so I just did it the old-fashioned way. :)

Thanks, anyway. :)

Thanks for your work

I tried to diff a drupal installation, when i discover your out-of-the-box-working ones.
Nice job !

I love you for sharing this.

I love you for sharing this. A much more reasonable way for minor ugprades

6.17 patch

Thanks much for all the previous patches. They have worked well. Are you coming out with the patch for 6.17 soon, or should I roll my own instead?

Must have missed that. It is

Must have missed that. It is online now - thanks for pointing me to it.

patch file in root 14->17

Is this correct? It implies, I think, that you have left the 14->16 patch file somewhere it shouldn't be when you did the diff.

diff -Naur drupal-6.14/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch drupal-6.17/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch
--- drupal-6.14/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch 2010-03-04 09:22:40.000000000 +0100
+++ drupal-6.17/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch 1970-01-01 01:00:00.000000000 +0100

Patch complains it's going to remove it, declaring at the same time it doesn't exist!


You are right. Corrected

You are right. Corrected patch file is online now. Only drupal-6.14-to-6.17.patch was affected.

Now THAT is handy

Awesome job friend :) This is a very convenient way to update. I've been using Drush to my core updates, but it involves a lot more directory/file-moving (danger!). I use git, so if patches break, it's no biggie. Thanks!

I just used this upgrade and

I just used this upgrade and was just reminded how easy and straightforward it is.
Great work, dude, a lot of us can vouch that this is pretty important code you are working on :)

New patch

Hi, first of all, THANK YOU VERY MUCH for this one! It's so smooth!
A question for you: When the patch for drupal 6.19 to 6.20 will be released ?

Thanks in advance for your time


You provide a great service!!!

Thanks! And an update error

Hi there, thanks for providing these patches! This patch update method is definitely the easiest for me.

However, I had a bit of an issue with my 6.19 -> 6.20 upgrade. The dry run didn't give me any significant errors that I couldn't work around. So went ahead and applied the patch. However, the patch process got up to this point and failed:

patching file modules/user/user.module
patching file robots.txt
patching file sites/default/default.settings.php
patch: **** Can't remove file sites/default/default.settings.php : Permission denied

The problem is that it failed and stopped, leaving me with a half patched system. Fortunately the only remaining items were a few default theme folders, which I manually copied over to my root. But are there any workarounds so that this doesn't happen again?

Thanks a lot!

No write access to this file?

The message Permission denied does mean you do not have write access to the file sites/default/default.settings.php. Make sure, you either own it and it is writable by you or temporarily (and as the user who owns it) set it to writable by anyone before patching.

re: No write access to this file?

Thanks for the reply Bernhard.

Yes, this file was not writeable. I guess I was just wondering if there is any way to make the process a bit more failsafe, so that it continues patching the rest of the files even if there is an error.

re: No write access to this file?

I had the same problem with a single site configuration (where the settings.php is in sites/default and not in sites/example.com). I was wondering because with the --dry-run option I didn't get any error.

I guess, that the folder containing settings.php will be set to read only by the drupal installation script.

So you may run chmod u+w sites/default/ in drupal root before patching drupal and chmod u-w sites/default/ after patching.

A++ would patch again.

The standard upgrade instructions made me cry myself to sleep at night, but this patch file is absolutely amazing. I have my site running on a new core after only 10 minutes.

Thank you so much! :D

disable selinux first

If you use CentOS or Redhat with selinux, be sure to turn selinux either off or to permissive mode before patching.

Thanks for the patch,

Patch 6.x to 7.x?

Hi! I just patched Drupal to 6.20 and want to thank you - again! - for this great tool. I was wondering if you have any plans of releasing a patch for drupal 6.20 to 7.0? That would mean a lot to use who manage drupal on a daily basis. Thank you again.

Please try with caution

I created 2 patch files (see above):

  • drupal-5.23-to-6.22.patch
  • drupal-6.22-to-7.2.patch

When testing against the corresponding lower version it did look 100% good. Please try with caution anyway!

patch: **** strip count l is

patch: **** strip count l is not a number

Checked the hashtag, and it matches.

I'll be honest, I tried

I'll be honest, I tried patching while I was tired, this is really a no no. I've used quite a few of these patches before. The 6.22 to 7.4 took a wrong turn. I have a multisite install and I had all sites in off-line mode but I did neglect to set default themes. My default.settings.php file was unwriteable as well. Is there a logical way to resolve my issue ?

Currently I'm receiving the following errors:
Notice: Use of undefined constant DRUPAL_ROOT - assumed 'DRUPAL_ROOT' in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Warning: require_once(DRUPAL_ROOT../includes/errors.inc) [function.require-once]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Fatal error: require_once() [function.require]: Failed opening required 'DRUPAL_ROOT../includes/errors.inc' (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Try searching drupal.org

At my tests (vanilla 6.22 patched using drupal-6.22-to-7.4.patch) the default.settings.php is writable.

For the DRUPAL_ROOT problem try searching drupal.org, i.e. http://drupal.org/node/1009966. Looks like a 6.x -> 7.x upgrading issue.

I've been reading all that

I've been reading all that info and haven't been able to get a good handle on where to set the define("DRUPAL_ROOT", since I dont have an external script, would I make this change in the patch and run it again ?

Follow the standard upgrade path

I indeed pointed you to something not helpful for your situation, sorry! I guess something else is messed up in your setup. You rather should follow the standard upgrade path as described in drupal-7.4/UPGRADE.txt than using the patch file.

Malformed patch error when upgrading 7.0 to 7.2

You are doing an awesome job! I am using your patches all the time. Today was the first time when I got an error when doing a dry run.

When upgrading 7.0 to 7.2, I get this:

Patching file misc/watchdog-error.png using Plan A...
patch: **** malformed patch at line 6163: diff -Naur drupal-7.0/misc/watchdog-ok.png drupal-7.2/misc/watchdog-ok.png

Thanks in advance!

Got no error when throwing

Got no error when throwing the patch against a vanilla Drupal 7.0 as described above. Please make sure the patch file you downloaded does not changed somehow at your machine: check the MD5 hash using `md5` or `md5sum`.

I downloaded vanilla Drupal

I downloaded vanilla Drupal 7.0, extracted it and ran the patch against it with no problems. So something else was fishy with my install. My bad. Thank you!

Thank you very much. This is

Thank you very much. This is AWESOME!!! this way its also easy to maintain any core patches as i dont have to reapply them!

Thanks again for your great work

Thank you

Thank you for this amazing job!

upgrade from 6.20 to 6.22 for multisites

can i use the above described approach to upgrade my drupal multisites from drupl 6.20 to 6.22? if can't, how should i do this? thanks.

Patching Drupal will upgrade

Patching Drupal will upgrade all Sites in your sites/ directory. Make sure you run update.php for every site after upgrading.

Drupal 7.7 to 7.8

Any chance of getting a 7.7 to 7.8 update? I find that this method of updating drupal sites more convenient compared to their manual download upgrade.

Thanks - must have missed

Thanks - must have missed that release.