Drupal upgrade easier

2015-05-12: Upgraded patch files to Drupal 7.37.

The standard procedure to upgrade Drupal to the latest release is to download it from drupal.org and follow the included UPGRADE.txt.

For administrators using the UNIX shell it may be easier using the attached patch files below instead of downloading and installing the newest complete Drupal release.

To patch your Drupal installation follow UPGRADING.txt up to and including

  • for Drupal 6: 5. Disable all custom and contributed modules.
  • for Drupal 7: 2. Go to Administration > Configuration > Development > Maintenance mode...

Now go on using this commands:

  • Dry run for testing without modifying anything: patch -p1 --dry-run < PATCHFILE
  • Do the real patching: patch -p1 < PATCHFILE

Your Drupal installation is now upgraded. proceed with UPGRADING.txt from

  • for Drupal 6: 9. Verify the new configuration file to make sure it has correct information.
  • for Drupal 7: 5. Re-apply any modifications to files such as .htaccess or robots.txt.

Note: Most important step after upgrading is to run update.php as described in UPGRADING.txt above.


If you get errors like Reversed (or previously applied) patch detected or 1 out of 2 hunks FAILED while running the patch dry run (second command above) immediately interrupt patching and upgrade following the steps explained in UPGRADING.txt.

Use this patch files on your own responsibility. I don't guarantee the proper function of the patch files on Drupal installations other than my own.

Note: If the patch process gets interrupted and leaves a mix of patched and unpatched files you may re-run it by ignoring already patched files after eliminating the reason of the interruption:

  • patch -p1 -N < PATCHFILE

You may savely remove reject files created during that process:

  • find . -name "*.rej" | xargs rm

Patch files

Drupal 7

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-7.0-to-7.37.patch) = abb9be08218e915493960bebb6a7b49b
MD5 (drupal-7.1-to-7.37.patch) = c31d8ebcb544d4441a00c3e2fa6b18b7
MD5 (drupal-7.2-to-7.37.patch) = 59c52e7d98857e4a5a9e97e20df210de
MD5 (drupal-7.3-to-7.37.patch) = 149e5deced5c3e493f03b332263d9147
MD5 (drupal-7.4-to-7.37.patch) = ae03095411730520b3501befac753aa9
MD5 (drupal-7.5-to-7.37.patch) = add507561a0ebc63054a4746c3c92029
MD5 (drupal-7.6-to-7.37.patch) = 5c5b0e3e7e8e55fda10e9585090f67d0
MD5 (drupal-7.7-to-7.37.patch) = 177397ef737749bd7e8521483f154fc9
MD5 (drupal-7.8-to-7.37.patch) = dd67a991947a4fca022ae39bdf280d7a
MD5 (drupal-7.9-to-7.37.patch) = 52f2d37349adfe8dcc4b94a80efd18b3
MD5 (drupal-7.10-to-7.37.patch) = b3b49b40b793cf41cd24a8b44bb5af75
MD5 (drupal-7.11-to-7.37.patch) = b51b1efbacabe317d469172fbd68ab9f
MD5 (drupal-7.12-to-7.37.patch) = e681d7088ac029437f8c3d416346f1b8
MD5 (drupal-7.13-to-7.37.patch) = e945b40c7c3ce49ab0d9a3a2d2b5c4db
MD5 (drupal-7.14-to-7.37.patch) = e3315abc74c6f6b9f2afbdd72cca21cc
MD5 (drupal-7.15-to-7.37.patch) = fb0aa8d8726480f1f369adae729c4cd7
MD5 (drupal-7.16-to-7.37.patch) = 68c9316aa07c21e32d805bf2e45f3838
MD5 (drupal-7.17-to-7.37.patch) = 124253dd5051ed2159925944866a51c9
MD5 (drupal-7.18-to-7.37.patch) = 09e70290c9c8f81304c90e7daec99192
MD5 (drupal-7.19-to-7.37.patch) = 55c925a86e3643daab231d53ee031df5
MD5 (drupal-7.20-to-7.37.patch) = b5e5ddb8825f7e74a18cda24772505c7
MD5 (drupal-7.21-to-7.37.patch) = 80485cde7bbb8494e373597895a5e0f5
MD5 (drupal-7.22-to-7.37.patch) = bbb70912eb17b17a90c3bb06b5feb398
MD5 (drupal-7.23-to-7.37.patch) = d84d4ae34878845c12d22dcfffdfd367
MD5 (drupal-7.24-to-7.37.patch) = afc3167532fcfdcf9ce5b518781f3f5d
MD5 (drupal-7.25-to-7.37.patch) = 1ae97e620ecee781bd08fe7c99caa48b
MD5 (drupal-7.26-to-7.37.patch) = e90a2329ed214c4e7563adbbd0c86728
MD5 (drupal-7.27-to-7.37.patch) = 13141ac0bbb05337b503328bf97c2136
MD5 (drupal-7.28-to-7.37.patch) = 5003a418f37c27edf4bd013b97137fe2
MD5 (drupal-7.29-to-7.37.patch) = bfb693fd6e89e26660e9c7722910ec8c
MD5 (drupal-7.30-to-7.37.patch) = 220e30572d0f541fe431c69cfe45fdc2
MD5 (drupal-7.31-to-7.37.patch) = fd23692e54ad1f8eaa45ee56ae376816
MD5 (drupal-7.32-to-7.37.patch) = d47034b2f5833c813cce2829d9d606ba
MD5 (drupal-7.33-to-7.37.patch) = f8b5e937fc1a238bf9822b3ebdc28eca
MD5 (drupal-7.34-to-7.37.patch) = 105b7507935665f5a42deef6efd19fe6
MD5 (drupal-7.35-to-7.37.patch) = 9afe948b61bbf9d3a52ab72b4c8d7a0c
MD5 (drupal-7.36-to-7.37.patch) = 4ed3a6414e6cf3fbeacb0499c899e4e8

Drupal 6

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-6.0-to-6.35.patch) = eb8ec4ec26bd85d9426d2b44e6c24945
MD5 (drupal-6.1-to-6.35.patch) = 1146eea20a3e45e4fa0bfbfa39c88025
MD5 (drupal-6.2-to-6.35.patch) = 6dd5cc2874299b5af4de1e17df56e241
MD5 (drupal-6.3-to-6.35.patch) = 91ab66d9169eb1c545105e7dcedb6a42
MD5 (drupal-6.4-to-6.35.patch) = 6435cd928a552a05c6e25131244ea094
MD5 (drupal-6.5-to-6.35.patch) = da23b20121e9deaddecba165e9808d1b
MD5 (drupal-6.6-to-6.35.patch) = ebb5a9a78cc12cc3ad65b68ba8fd2970
MD5 (drupal-6.7-to-6.35.patch) = 533d57b019706a19ea8f6bfb51bd35ef
MD5 (drupal-6.8-to-6.35.patch) = 33c38b08904f987240eb59af4f396264
MD5 (drupal-6.9-to-6.35.patch) = 45b290cdf1759f981f264206f7064268
MD5 (drupal-6.10-to-6.35.patch) = f7df9c0ba9284e26cf7f6239ba9a36c7
MD5 (drupal-6.11-to-6.35.patch) = 4848103a8cbfe0aa345bedd0fd51f299
MD5 (drupal-6.12-to-6.35.patch) = 59afdb6bda5f3379a556cd2c88759ae8
MD5 (drupal-6.13-to-6.35.patch) = 942c33024363bb93a8ee940f7bd5f858
MD5 (drupal-6.14-to-6.35.patch) = 641fc830d689fa6fcd165440e05e1428
MD5 (drupal-6.15-to-6.35.patch) = b926cd5160717e621a3204102680271b
MD5 (drupal-6.16-to-6.35.patch) = c5b6e0da84f2a40f471d39858d2fd629
MD5 (drupal-6.17-to-6.35.patch) = 8561aa23b5f633ef5a205ce26623c17d
MD5 (drupal-6.18-to-6.35.patch) = 2653bdee5b48be5d3d25f5772fb48a83
MD5 (drupal-6.19-to-6.35.patch) = 6c51e5af064301a91f46986256d076cb
MD5 (drupal-6.20-to-6.35.patch) = d9bb189427110f63d231c677f8766776
MD5 (drupal-6.21-to-6.35.patch) = 5f7447ec838cea3286694ed0e7280329
MD5 (drupal-6.22-to-6.35.patch) = cfe85760044672ef9354ec9482fc887f
MD5 (drupal-6.23-to-6.35.patch) = 5371f8a3066a639f6a514af4051b28c1
MD5 (drupal-6.24-to-6.35.patch) = 4540eac72fd11f27c82d918463e68d74
MD5 (drupal-6.25-to-6.35.patch) = 5c5611a6f09965a01e7d48a9501cad68
MD5 (drupal-6.26-to-6.35.patch) = 91c1f5da3e4518e84e02911a6ec4532b
MD5 (drupal-6.27-to-6.35.patch) = 92b668f30e19e4b503604a81c16706a8
MD5 (drupal-6.28-to-6.35.patch) = eb21b5094f61cdf9e9b08ec79660b32f
MD5 (drupal-6.29-to-6.35.patch) = 1d835ff50bb51f2ca867eaeefa7c71b9
MD5 (drupal-6.30-to-6.35.patch) = a81121ba9801b5ede1e04db33382dd7b
MD5 (drupal-6.31-to-6.35.patch) = 2cdde167639a9c09187df12682bf9a5d
MD5 (drupal-6.32-to-6.35.patch) = c6a6031a1fd4ad14ddde35fb54bfcfd2
MD5 (drupal-6.33-to-6.35.patch) = db09f57ae1639e74a5ce56b75d14ddc9
MD5 (drupal-6.35-to-6.35.patch) = f6fc4461babfabd2d5e075e4da6775fd

Drupal 5

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

  MD5 (drupal-5.0-to-5.23.patch) = 13235f0c50caf2f0366403563053fbba
  MD5 (drupal-5.1-to-5.23.patch) = e2d5fc4ec6da1f1db2f83204eef03160
  MD5 (drupal-5.2-to-5.23.patch) = 13da34e36fb58f422c86c1574e26719b
  MD5 (drupal-5.3-to-5.23.patch) = dd826e692ab5e9e50ce55feac0b82673
  MD5 (drupal-5.4-to-5.23.patch) = e44a1f00549c5d39bbe359772db4ec9d
  MD5 (drupal-5.5-to-5.23.patch) = 4f06344f52f3c476e458f01c4925e987
  MD5 (drupal-5.6-to-5.23.patch) = bd31200144a9b716e4a1cad1930796f1
  MD5 (drupal-5.7-to-5.23.patch) = 598e037a8840d79509ea5c247dff975e
  MD5 (drupal-5.8-to-5.23.patch) = 2a53dedeb3b00c679ccb0dae44379789
  MD5 (drupal-5.9-to-5.23.patch) = 8dd63096cf7c5dd73e968f770f56301b
  MD5 (drupal-5.10-to-5.23.patch) = a6127a53d945659efde17a31e8037b79
  MD5 (drupal-5.11-to-5.23.patch) = 841eabce62cac99f98e77de733aeb7c6
  MD5 (drupal-5.12-to-5.23.patch) = ddb82f96ad7915e34111df4706237c11
  MD5 (drupal-5.13-to-5.23.patch) = 41bf265e25a1d6c9324e4f6c7b5ff067
  MD5 (drupal-5.14-to-5.23.patch) = 7c48dca7dd10533fe65c895d33c7be56
  MD5 (drupal-5.15-to-5.23.patch) = ae1a31e80c3b24dfa1710adecbd1cce9
  MD5 (drupal-5.16-to-5.23.patch) = 72e25e1c680b75cbc1f8b303c4d97cba
  MD5 (drupal-5.17-to-5.23.patch) = 0fee19e0808ec863284618ce8f506d6c
  MD5 (drupal-5.18-to-5.23.patch) = 997f35d8372277203e5129e9bc684f81
  MD5 (drupal-5.19-to-5.23.patch) = 6189d7c3c3139647dfd519b727d8f12f
  MD5 (drupal-5.20-to-5.23.patch) = 33d48157e036411fd336a5d9023c8644
  MD5 (drupal-5.21-to-5.23.patch) = 86cb8be7e01f576177765d670332e4fb
  MD5 (drupal-5.22-to-5.23.patch) = 94488c667c2c68d48438d81129e3edca

Upgrade major releases of Drupal


Below are patch files to upgrade major releases of Drupal. Please try with caution.

To verify the integrity of the patch files use this MD5 hashes:

MD5 (drupal-5.23-to-6.35.patch) = 9ffdb95d11f67d964e1e4940623e5ec7
MD5 (drupal-6.35-to-7.37.patch) = 8664d1798ba56d79397dc3123993a3a0



Thank you so much for this page. I used to hate the "Update of the week" from drupal. With these patches it is a SNAP!


drupal-5.14-to-5.15.patch works properly

Thank you for your great job. I have used the drupal-5.14-to-5.15.patch on a multi-site installation and it worked without any errors.

Thanks a lot dude! With your

Thanks a lot dude! With your work updating drupal it really takes just only a second! Thanks and thanks again :)


Thank you very very much.Worked without a hitch.

Thank you!

Once more, thank you so much for this page! Using these patches has really saved me lots of time when upgrading our system to 6.12.

Big time-saver!

I just upgraded three of my drupal sites using your patch files, and for once, they went smoothly, and QUICKLY!

Thank you!

Thank you for providing all

Thank you for providing all this useful stuff on your page.


... runs like Schmidts cat!!!

How to use, I don't understand the procedure


I have a windows based laptop from which I am going to try to upgrade my site which resides on a linux box. I currently use 6.6 and would like to upgrade to 6.14.

Can someone here please give me a step-by-step. I have been regretting not knowing enough and installing drupal. And upgradations are the only reasons. Please help.

Nice work! Maybe a little problem on 6.9->6.14 ?

Nice work, really nice work.

You saved me hours every upgrade!!

Im afraid to ask you, but did you check the 6.9 to 6.14 patch? Because im getting some errors and, since before it went smooth all the times, im wondering if maybe you upload a wrong file (i do it all the time ;) ).

Thanks again

No problem

Tried it with a fresh 6.9 and the patch went through without a hitch. May be you did some changes to your 6.9 files in the past?

Thank you

I favor quick and simple approaches, and eventually gave yours a try with 6.14-to-6.15. For me, this is definitely the way to go. Thank you very much indeed!

Smooth update!

Thanks for the great patch set - the update was smooth!


...a lot of them. I was choosing a CMS, and I was thinking about dropping drupal just for the upgrade complexity (hey, in wordpress is just clicking a button...). You saved the day.

This is *the* recommended way

This is *the* recommended way of upgrading Drupal! I just upgraded from 6.15 to 6.16 and it worked flawlessly and was over in a couple of methods. It's so easy compared to the method suggested in upgrade.txt (download tarball, remove all old files, unzip tarball... no thanks!).

The instructions are pretty simply but because they reference upgrade.txt I thought I would share the entire process here as a quick overview (please make sure you still read upgrade.txt and instructions on this page):
1. backup drupal db
2. backup drupal root directory and sub directories
3. Make sure you are logged in as admin (uid=1)
4. Place site in maintainece mode, /admin/settings/site-maintenance
5. If using a custom or contributed theme, switch to a core theme, such as Garland or Bluemarine.
6. get latest patch file from http://fuerstnet.de/en/drupal-upgrade-easier
6. cd your-drupal-directory
7. Dry run: patch -p1 --dry-run < patchfile
8. Patch: patch -p1 < patch-file
9. Verify the new configuration file to make sure it has correct information. sites/default/settings.php
10. Run update.php by visiting /update.php
11. enable usual theme
12. Finally, return your site to "Online" mode so your visitors may resume

That's it! Thanks Bernhard Fürst - you're a champ!

The dry run is failing. Suggestions?

I'm seeing...

[...]$ patch -p1 --dry-run < drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch
patching file .htaccess
Hunk #1 FAILED at 3.
Hunk #2 FAILED at 66.
Hunk #3 FAILED at 113.
3 out of 3 hunks FAILED -- saving rejects to file .htaccess.rej


can't find file to patch at input line 2288
Perhaps you used the wrong -p or --strip option?
The text leading up to this was:
|diff -Naur drupal-6.14/modules/node/node.info drupal-6.16/modules/node/node.info
|--- drupal-6.14/modules/node/node.info 2009-09-16 21:40:27.000000000 +0200
|+++ drupal-6.16/modules/node/node.info 2010-03-04 01:20:08.000000000 +0100


Any ideas on how to solve?

Check the Drupal version

I tried the drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch file with a fresh Drupal 6.14 - no problem. Run the patch command from within the root of your Drupal installation. Also make sure your Drupal version is at 6.14 (check the included CHANGELOG.txt). Did you modify the Drupal core files?

Thanks... I did it the old school way

I wasn't able to successfully patch 6.14 to 6.16 so I just did it the old-fashioned way. :)

Thanks, anyway. :)

Thanks for your work

I tried to diff a drupal installation, when i discover your out-of-the-box-working ones.
Nice job !

I love you for sharing this.

I love you for sharing this. A much more reasonable way for minor ugprades

6.17 patch

Thanks much for all the previous patches. They have worked well. Are you coming out with the patch for 6.17 soon, or should I roll my own instead?

Must have missed that. It is

Must have missed that. It is online now - thanks for pointing me to it.

patch file in root 14->17

Is this correct? It implies, I think, that you have left the 14->16 patch file somewhere it shouldn't be when you did the diff.

diff -Naur drupal-6.14/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch drupal-6.17/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch
--- drupal-6.14/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch 2010-03-04 09:22:40.000000000 +0100
+++ drupal-6.17/drupal-6.14-to-6.16.patch 1970-01-01 01:00:00.000000000 +0100

Patch complains it's going to remove it, declaring at the same time it doesn't exist!


You are right. Corrected

You are right. Corrected patch file is online now. Only drupal-6.14-to-6.17.patch was affected.

Now THAT is handy

Awesome job friend :) This is a very convenient way to update. I've been using Drush to my core updates, but it involves a lot more directory/file-moving (danger!). I use git, so if patches break, it's no biggie. Thanks!

I just used this upgrade and

I just used this upgrade and was just reminded how easy and straightforward it is.
Great work, dude, a lot of us can vouch that this is pretty important code you are working on :)

New patch

Hi, first of all, THANK YOU VERY MUCH for this one! It's so smooth!
A question for you: When the patch for drupal 6.19 to 6.20 will be released ?

Thanks in advance for your time


You provide a great service!!!

Thanks! And an update error

Hi there, thanks for providing these patches! This patch update method is definitely the easiest for me.

However, I had a bit of an issue with my 6.19 -> 6.20 upgrade. The dry run didn't give me any significant errors that I couldn't work around. So went ahead and applied the patch. However, the patch process got up to this point and failed:

patching file modules/user/user.module
patching file robots.txt
patching file sites/default/default.settings.php
patch: **** Can't remove file sites/default/default.settings.php : Permission denied

The problem is that it failed and stopped, leaving me with a half patched system. Fortunately the only remaining items were a few default theme folders, which I manually copied over to my root. But are there any workarounds so that this doesn't happen again?

Thanks a lot!

No write access to this file?

The message Permission denied does mean you do not have write access to the file sites/default/default.settings.php. Make sure, you either own it and it is writable by you or temporarily (and as the user who owns it) set it to writable by anyone before patching.

re: No write access to this file?

Thanks for the reply Bernhard.

Yes, this file was not writeable. I guess I was just wondering if there is any way to make the process a bit more failsafe, so that it continues patching the rest of the files even if there is an error.

re: No write access to this file?

I had the same problem with a single site configuration (where the settings.php is in sites/default and not in sites/example.com). I was wondering because with the --dry-run option I didn't get any error.

I guess, that the folder containing settings.php will be set to read only by the drupal installation script.

So you may run chmod u+w sites/default/ in drupal root before patching drupal and chmod u-w sites/default/ after patching.

A++ would patch again.

The standard upgrade instructions made me cry myself to sleep at night, but this patch file is absolutely amazing. I have my site running on a new core after only 10 minutes.

Thank you so much! :D

disable selinux first

If you use CentOS or Redhat with selinux, be sure to turn selinux either off or to permissive mode before patching.

Thanks for the patch,

Patch 6.x to 7.x?

Hi! I just patched Drupal to 6.20 and want to thank you - again! - for this great tool. I was wondering if you have any plans of releasing a patch for drupal 6.20 to 7.0? That would mean a lot to use who manage drupal on a daily basis. Thank you again.

Please try with caution

I created 2 patch files (see above):

  • drupal-5.23-to-6.22.patch
  • drupal-6.22-to-7.2.patch

When testing against the corresponding lower version it did look 100% good. Please try with caution anyway!

patch: **** strip count l is

patch: **** strip count l is not a number

Checked the hashtag, and it matches.

I'll be honest, I tried

I'll be honest, I tried patching while I was tired, this is really a no no. I've used quite a few of these patches before. The 6.22 to 7.4 took a wrong turn. I have a multisite install and I had all sites in off-line mode but I did neglect to set default themes. My default.settings.php file was unwriteable as well. Is there a logical way to resolve my issue ?

Currently I'm receiving the following errors:
Notice: Use of undefined constant DRUPAL_ROOT - assumed 'DRUPAL_ROOT' in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Warning: require_once(DRUPAL_ROOT../includes/errors.inc) [function.require-once]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Fatal error: require_once() [function.require]: Failed opening required 'DRUPAL_ROOT../includes/errors.inc' (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home1/.../public_html/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 1971

Try searching drupal.org

At my tests (vanilla 6.22 patched using drupal-6.22-to-7.4.patch) the default.settings.php is writable.

For the DRUPAL_ROOT problem try searching drupal.org, i.e. http://drupal.org/node/1009966. Looks like a 6.x -> 7.x upgrading issue.

I've been reading all that

I've been reading all that info and haven't been able to get a good handle on where to set the define("DRUPAL_ROOT", since I dont have an external script, would I make this change in the patch and run it again ?

Follow the standard upgrade path

I indeed pointed you to something not helpful for your situation, sorry! I guess something else is messed up in your setup. You rather should follow the standard upgrade path as described in drupal-7.4/UPGRADE.txt than using the patch file.

Malformed patch error when upgrading 7.0 to 7.2

You are doing an awesome job! I am using your patches all the time. Today was the first time when I got an error when doing a dry run.

When upgrading 7.0 to 7.2, I get this:

Patching file misc/watchdog-error.png using Plan A...
patch: **** malformed patch at line 6163: diff -Naur drupal-7.0/misc/watchdog-ok.png drupal-7.2/misc/watchdog-ok.png

Thanks in advance!

Got no error when throwing

Got no error when throwing the patch against a vanilla Drupal 7.0 as described above. Please make sure the patch file you downloaded does not changed somehow at your machine: check the MD5 hash using `md5` or `md5sum`.

I downloaded vanilla Drupal

I downloaded vanilla Drupal 7.0, extracted it and ran the patch against it with no problems. So something else was fishy with my install. My bad. Thank you!

Thank you very much. This is

Thank you very much. This is AWESOME!!! this way its also easy to maintain any core patches as i dont have to reapply them!

Thanks again for your great work

Thank you

Thank you for this amazing job!

upgrade from 6.20 to 6.22 for multisites

can i use the above described approach to upgrade my drupal multisites from drupl 6.20 to 6.22? if can't, how should i do this? thanks.

Patching Drupal will upgrade

Patching Drupal will upgrade all Sites in your sites/ directory. Make sure you run update.php for every site after upgrading.

Drupal 7.7 to 7.8

Any chance of getting a 7.7 to 7.8 update? I find that this method of updating drupal sites more convenient compared to their manual download upgrade.

Thanks - must have missed

Thanks - must have missed that release.